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No 13
Vol. 13 No. 4
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Due to international and regional developments in the 21st century, governments are no longer considered the main actors in the international system, in addition to governments, other informal actors, including universities, academic institutions, and international organizations. Having a scientific and technological foundation - including the World Health Organization (WHO) - are influential in global policymaking. On the one hand, we are witnessing unilateral and multilateral sanctions against countries such as Iran today, and the use of international mechanisms to address such restrictions, especially in the context of the global coronavirus epidemic, seems even more necessary. Because in the case of the global coronavirus epidemic, governments act nationally but do not recognize the borderline virus, it is necessary to adopt a vision, method, and platform based on global cooperation. This research is a type of descriptive and analytical research and the library method is used using various theories and approaches to explain the subject. In this study, we try to address the main opportunities and challenges that "science and technology diplomacy" provides to countries and global health; finally, the analysis of what, why and the importance of science and technology diplomacy In particular, the development of theoretical areas of international cooperation to create and strengthen integrated and strong health systems, as well as capacity building to prepare for crises, fair and public access to quality health services, the general right to provide medical products and technology transfer of health products, Considered to be.
saeeid chehrazad - maryam fakhrabadi - fatemeh baee
Keywords : Science and Technology Diplomacy, Technology, Science Policy, Global Health Diplomacy, Corona Epidemic
National interests are the core of international politics and power is also a key tool in achieving goals. It is necessary to pay attention to the relations between the United States of America and the European Union and to examine their positions. In the present study, which is futuristic in terms of research plan, after conducting the necessary analyzes on the positions of European and American officials and politicians and conducting content analysis, in 3 general sections, 9 as screenwriting in relation to convergence fields and The divergence of the two great powers has been addressed until 2030. The general scenarios are: future developments in the structure of the international system, terrorism and weapons of mass destruction, the Middle East, and the Arab-Israeli peace process. The results show that the convergent and divergent dimensions of the EU's relations with the United States depend on their interests. Areas with common interests will see convergence, and areas with conflicting interests will see divergence.
abouzar nazari - parviz ahadi - mohammad yousefi jouybari
Keywords : The European Union, the United States, convergence and divergence, Atlantic and trans-Atlantic relations
The question that the authors of the present study, with a descriptive-analytical approach and the revolutionary protests of the Yemeni people and the overthrow of the despotic Ali Abdullah Saleh government, seeks to answer is why the most important challenges arise from what happened Factors? According to the results of the present study, developments in post-conflict space are more than any other factor stemming from the interference of foreign forces, and in particular the Western, Arab, Arab-led coalition led by the United States and Saudi Arabia, in the light of strategic competition and regional frontal change Compensation in Iraq and Syria, as well as efforts to maintain the political structure of the disintegrating countries, have led the new or post-colonial government to face profound challenges from a lack of security.
sirous khandan - -
Keywords : Discovering the Yemeni political-security crisis from the perspective of the Copenhagen School
The purpose of this article is to examine the ideology of the al-Qaeda terrorist group and its impact on its strategy to combat the US. The main question of this article is how will al-Qaeda's ideologies influence its strategies to fight the US? A brief review of the existing literature reveals that a few have explored the ideologies and strategies of the terrorist group and much of the literature on the origins of terror, terrorist motivations, and counter-terrorism responses. Al-Qaeda's ideology is deeply international in its kind and seeks to frame regional and local conflicts in a broader context such as the war against apostates and infidels. Al-Qaeda's strategy stems from its ideology, with Al-Qaeda's top strategic priorities mobilizing Muslims for a global jihad against the West and overthrowing apostate regimes, especially Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Pakistan.
Song Jiangbo - Wang Zezhuang
Keywords : Al-Qaeda, ideology, strategy, America, terrorism
Democracy is today recognized as the most favorable form of political system in the last century and is spreading to most parts of the world. Many countries sought to establish a political system in line with the democratic model and built their political, social, and economic structures on it. After the collapse of the Soviet Union and the independence of the Central Asian republics, these countries faced many challenges in terms of new restructuring. It replaces the communist order in these countries. Contrary to the existing view, given the past three decades of independence of these republics, we are witnessing the establishment of authoritarian regimes in the countries of the region in a manner that precipitates the totalitarian thinking left behind by the communist system. It seeks to answer the question of what are the internal barriers to democracy in these countries? And then to study them scientifically and analyze them. Researchers also believe that the existence of domestic political and social factors in these countries, such as the absence of a rule-based law, the absence of plural political parties, a weak civil society, and internal barriers to democracy are considered.
yousof karami - amin navakhti moghadam
Keywords : Central Asia, Authoritarianism, Civil Society, Democracy

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